The Lawyer is the professional figure that represents and defends the interests of the client (which can be understood as a person, company, organization or other) in legal matters and in the civil lawsuit judgments, criminal, administrative; draws up contracts and legal acts; He performs legal consultancy; proffers legal assistance and may have as arbitrators out of court.
For those who aim to engage a lawyer to follow the first step is to subscribe to a legal right, choosing the plan of studies more relevant to their own aspirations. The law graduate began his doing practical work at a law firm, thus having the opportunity to refine the knowledge acquired over the years at the University, or alternatively by attending a Specialization school for the legal professions. The defined period of apprenticeship, according to the law 21 December 2012 n. 247, (New legislation ordering the legal profession), is established in eighteen months earlier than traditional setup, which provided for four semesters. Their professional training has been decreased and was also imported the opportunity to play six months of practical training during the last year of university. During the period of practice, in addition to perfect its legal preparation, comes into contact with the various judicial offices and understands how to organize and manage the activities required for the exercise of the legal profession. The compensation for the practitioner's performance is at the discretion of the study and, young lawyers after the first year of practice, may request the enablement and support causes on their own, assuming the position of the so-called "lawyer means". Ended the apprenticeship law graduate must pass the exam of State, which consists of three written tests which respectively provide for: the drafting of a reasoned opinion in civil matters, the preparation of a reasoned opinion in criminal matters, finally, the drafting of a judicial act that implies knowledge of substantive law and procedural law, in the field chosen by the candidate from civil, criminal and administrative law. Complete the evaluation oral examination consisting in the discussion of issues relating to six subjects. After passing the state exam he get the coveted title and you get to the stage of registration with the Region of belonging. After the period of practice and after having passed the state examination for the qualification to practice law the lawyer can exercise on their own, or employed by others (lawyers, banks, insurance companies, government, etc.) the profession. It may also be named honorary judge, and act as peace or, as Judge of honorary judge, a magistrate at the ordinary jurisdiction (as honorary judge aggregate, deputy judge of the court fee or honorarium). The lawyer may also decide to be employed as a legal expert in businesses, paying their own activities as an employee or consultant with industrial and manufacturing companies, banks or insurance companies, professional offices (legal but also notaries, commercialistici, technical, architectural) . The legal expert manages and coordinates the legal department of the company and the legal aspects of their business activities, making sure that the procedures and actions comply with legal rules; drafting contracts and legal acts, both national and international; providing legal advice; preparing acts, practices or administrative measures; handling relations with organizations or external parties (external legal); providing debt collection; It is part of institutional bodies (committees, advisory bodies etc.).
The Legal expert may also decide to conduct its business in public entities. After winning a competition organized by the Public Administration, will carry out the activities at municipalities, regions, provinces; in the functional bodies (ASL, chambers of commerce, universities, public companies); in national organizations (Government, Parliament); in the Agency of Taxation; in the Inspectorates of Labour. He will also carry out the judicial administration Operator activities at the chancelleries of the courts and public prosecutors.