The IT expert is a technician specialized in the design and management of systems for processing, transmission and acquisition of information.
The IT expert must show the skills to participate in the design and implementation of:
useful systems for automation and data acquisition in the industrial sector;
Data banks for various uses both for individuals and for public companies;
Useful applications in the management field;
Small processing and calculation systems using distributed data;
Computer networks to manage industrial and private security systems.
It is also necessary for the IT expert to have the skills to plan the development of IT resources, to size small processing systems, to assist users of IT systems and to provide the correct and correct advice and training of both hardware and software as well as to take care of the operation of computer systems.
To become an IT expert, it is necessary to acquire the qualification through a second degree in a technical school at an IT address or at an industrial technical institute, thus allowing the aspiring expert to become a specialist in the automatic processing of information and capable to use the information technology, electronic and mixed technologies equally. The theoretical course that can be attended can provide all the knowledge necessary to analyze, manage and design small systems for processing, transmission, information acquisition both from a symbolic point of view and in the form of electrical signals; in addition, the aspiring computer expert will be able to learn how to solve problems referring to small automation in various applications, especially of technical-industrial and scientific genre and will acquire the basic knowledge to participate in the creation and management of large automation systems based on their own on the processing of information primarily connected to a network. It is also advisable to also obtain a degree in the subject and / or acquire important certifications such as the MSEE (Master of Science in Electrical Engineering), RHEE and CISCO. Cisco certifications are the most requested and widely used certifications for IT professionals working in networking. There are five levels of Cisco certification:
Entry level, level aimed at junior profiles looking for a first employment in the sector;
Associate level, aimed at IT system administrators and network systems engineers and certifies configuration troubleshooting capabilities regarding WAN and LAN connections;
Professional level, aimed at network professionals who wish to pursue their career in network engineers and certify the knowledge of enterprise networks;
Expert level, considered the most prestigious certification in the networking field;
Architect level that is aimed at network designers with many years of experience and attests the ability to intervene on the complex networks of global organizations.
Within the Italian school system, it is possible to obtain the diploma to become IT expert through the course of an industrial expert in Computer Science, a path that will allow them to take care of the design and development of software as well as working as a programmer and computer systemmer. to obtain the diploma of an industrial expert in Computer Science, in fact, it provides all the necessary knowledge for the analysis, management and design of small systems suitable for processing, transmission and acquisition of electrical signals. To obtain the diploma, the information expert must have a thorough knowledge of these subjects:
The engineering elements of the software;
The architecture of processing systems;
The fundamental principles of analogue and digital electronics;
Process control elements;
The Elements of statistics.
As far as skills are concerned, it is necessary for an IT expert to be able to use the computer in depth, solve small automation problems in various applications, especially technical-industrial and scientific, have the necessary knowledge to actively participate in the implementation and to the management of large automation systems based on information processing. The IT expert must also possess the skills of synthesis and analysis, expressive linguistic skills, logical and mathematical ability, the ability to choose methodologies and IT tools to solve any problems. As for the requirements, the computer expert who wants to integrate himself professionally into the world of work must have a solid basic specific culture, as well as the desire for continuous technical and cultural growth and a work flexibility certainly superior to that required in other sectors. Commitment by the IT expert will then be to constantly update on the fast technological evolution. The employment opportunities for this professional are certainly many: usually, they deal with the industrial sectors, the telecommunications sector or any sector where the development of software is necessary as well as the acquisition and processing of data.