The Beautician is a technician specialized in the treatment of the body for aesthetic purposes, taking care of beauty care, lending its work to shape, correct, prevent or modify physical blemishes, giving back to the individual as well as the desired appearance, even the self-confidence.
The profession of beautician can be exercised both as a freelancer and as an employee in beauty centers, beauty farms, spas, perfumeries with aesthetic cabins, salons for hairdressers and provides the performance and treatments performed on the surface of the human body whose main purpose is to keep it in perfect condition, to improve and protect its aesthetic appearance, modifying it through the elimination or mitigation of blemishes, using manual techniques and all the equipment for aesthetic use including laser, pulsed light, cavitation and ultrasound together with the use of equipment for aesthetic use, the application of cosmetic products and will be able to use all the new technologies in the aesthetic field. The beautician, moreover, can collaborate with other professionals who work in the same field, that of wellness and therefore also with regard to the medical profession.
. The main tasks that the beautician can perform are:
Examine the client's epidermis and decide with it what type of treatment and which products to apply;
Depilate parts of the body using various tools such as tweezers, creams, waxing, laser beams;
Having the ability and experience to perform aesthetic massages, using creams and cosmetic ointments;
Make up customers, using techniques and products for professional make-up;
Conduct counseling to advise products and useful treatments to take care of your skin.
For many years, the professional figure of the beautician was seen with much distrust especially for the lack of a regulation that established the skills but with the establishment of the first schools authorized by the Regions, there were changes and on 4 January 1990 this profession was regulated by a national law defining its role and competences. Furthermore, from January 21, 2010, a new law proposal number 3116/10 was presented in Parliament for the "Discipline of the professional activity of Aesthetic and Bionatural Sciences", in such a way as to give greater dignity to the Beauticians category and establish a National Register as well as a National Deontological Code. The substantial novelty of the law proposal is related to the equalization of the profession of beautician to professional technical professions such as surveyors and accountants, with a school course of 5 years after middle school and, after the state exam, with access to the University . To carry out this profession, the candidate must have a baccalaureate and attend a two-year training course financed by the Region which provides a minimum of 900 hours per year with which it is possible to obtain the professional qualification, must be followed by 250 hours of training carried out in an authorized professional aesthetic exercise. The training course usually has both a theoretical and a practical approach and, among the disciplines taught to candidates, it is necessary to include notions of cosmetology, anatomy, physiology, chemistry, dermatology, aesthetic massage, make-up, visagism, psychology, general culture and professional ethics. Moreover, during the lessons, the aspiring beautician will also learn the use of electromechanical devices that are necessary to carry out the profession. After two years it is possible to attend a further year of specialization, which allows to obtain the qualification for the autonomous exercise of the profession, together with a theoretical-practical examination and a 6-month apprenticeship, preparatory for access to the State Exam.
Alternatively, the candidate may undertake a period of apprenticeship and at least one year of full-time work as an employee with a beautician or a specialized medical practice or must have worked for a minimum of three consecutive years at a beautician, full time, as an employee or family worker, and then have attended a regional training course of at least 300 hours. At the end of these paths, to access the profession of beautician, it is still necessary to pass a theoretical-practical examination that allows you to obtain professional qualification through a state examination including all subjects with aesthetic address to be able to access the National Register of Professional Estheticians, an institution that can guarantee the rights and duties of professionals enrolled in it, representing a strong deterrent for the abusive exercise of the profession