The architect is a professional multi-faceted, which can carry out a fairly broad spectrum of activity. The architect is a professional that deals with architectural design, planning, restoration of monuments both in architecture and urban planning, but also design, furniture and graphics. The architect's work involves competency of both sciences and humanities type. The same can be said for the training courses that characterize the figure and the skills that future architects will develop.
The cultural background of an architect is part of both a consolidated scientific knowledge, mathematics and physics that an aesthetic sense, a penchant for history and art history, and a strong inclination to creative expression.
In Italy this profession is regulated by Presidential Decree 328/2001, which provides for the achievement of a degree in architecture or degree in construction engineering / architecture (class 4 / S). The architecture degree program includes a five-year one-or three-year cycle (with subsequent degree course lasting two years); in Italian universities that offer the degree program in architecture they are distributed throughout the national territory. To access this there is an entrance test which proposes general subjects, logic, mathematics, geometry and physics.
The achievement of undergraduate awards the title of architect junior, that allows to enroll in the professional, specifically the section B. This will perform the professional activity limited to certain types of projects and certain responsibilities. The scope of specialization of future professionals on the choice of the first degree in Architectural Science, which offers various training shades; with the next choice masterful address the graduates to further deepen their own field of expertise. After earning his degree, there are specialized schools that allow you to specialize in:
In order to become a professional architect and be entitled to practice the profession (call release), so you have to take the exam of State that allows the subsequent registration with an association of architects. Depending on the specialization chosen the architect is defined by one or more specific areas of work. You may decide to begin work within architecture studios, dealing with urban planning, restoration of monuments or rehabilitation of buildings, the design of landscapes or interiors. The architect will be the project manager and construction sites for works of architecture and engineering; expert estimate for insurance, banks and society, the Court Technical Consultant for activities in the legal field. The architect who prefer, instead, a technical-managerial role, will have to develop capacity for coordination and management of business activities with managerial duties. In this case, his figure will be responsible for designing projects, bring to completion the implementation, draw up and implement the security-related plans in private companies in charge of technical and commercial structures. Another possibility is to become plant manager at manufacturing industries for the design, production, installation of components and materials for the building. In this case its responsibility mainly concerns the aspects of quality, safety and environmental impact. Finally the architect can occupy managerial positions in the civil service such as offices Town Planning and Public Works, Superintendent and Regional Directorates of Cultural and Natural Heritage, local authorities in charge of technical structures.