The Archaeologist is a qualified professional in archeology, namely that discipline that studies past human civilizations and cultures as well as their relationships with the surrounding environment through the collection, documentation, exploration and analysis of material traces that have built in the past as architecture, artifacts and biological and human remains. Although often mistakenly happens, you have to break down this career path from that of a paleontologist as dealing with different materials: paleontologist, in fact, unlike the archaeologist, despite being itself a kind of historical science is concerned with classifying life forms past in order to try and explain the causes of their change or their extinction, also using techniques borrowed from scientific disciplines such as biochemistry and engineering, materials that allow you to also conduct research and experimental simulations.
The archaeologist is a professional that is distinguished by its particular purpose and helps historians in their work of reconstruction of the past. Proves an ideal craft for those who love to travel as well as the ancient civilizations and, despite being a scholar of the past, the professional has become all the effects in a professional, working on the territory of a service, it is dedicated to providing both level design and execution of mining operations as well as to find solutions for the realization of territorial works within the laws of protection under the control of the Superintendence for Archaeological heritage. Archaeologist works as a consultant as it carries out the tasks commissioned by procuring stations or construction companies, and its main task is to ensure the proper execution of the archaeological excavation and provide a reliable assessment of the archaeological risk that allows the 'activation of the necessary care and protection measures. How does it work? Archaeologist identifies an area where it is assumed to have lived an ancient civilization: this area will be defined excavation area and will be bounded by pegs and ropes. It will begin to clean this area with various useful tools for the profession as trowels, brushes and start to dig, usually using the stratigraphic method is to excavate the area for layers starting with the most recent until you reach the older ones so as to bring to light the most recent remains and gradually the older ones. Once that has happened the excavation, will document the various operations and works made photos and drawings that may leave a concrete testimony of each layer before it is destroyed by the excavation work: the materials that are brought to light are called artifacts and are cleaned and cataloged by placing on each a code indicating the country of origin layer.
The professional title of archaeologist is not regulated in Italy by any statutory text both in the exercise of his profession that its educational profile. Archaeologists aspiring to pursue this profession must begin a university career: previously, the university career included three years of three years where it is usually undertaken an undergraduate degree in Literature and two years of specialization in Archaeology (class LM 2). But now there is a brand new master's course in one cycle of legal duration of five years in archeology. The graduate degree is not the last step necessary to achieve this professional goal. Obtained the title of specialist, in fact, it will open two roads: either access to a dedicated Postgraduate School, or participation in a call for PhD research. In both cases you will need to pass a test, which will be measured general knowledge and specialized knowledge. The curricula can thus vary slightly depending on the University enrollment, but include all in-depth knowledge of history and ancient literature. The courses of study, of course, always include the frequency of practical workshops and internships, which allow to test the theoretical knowledge acquired in the field. In addition, the archaeologist is the outcome of a long and difficult process that needs a lot of love in the material to be run in the best way: the archaeologist's task, in fact, is to place the traces of the past that will find all ' interior of historical reconstruction of the past, developing interpretations and logical explanations. The absence of a proper legislation, however, makes the process of becoming an archaeologist a bit 'iffy but this deficiency is, however, from rich and varied offer that through attendance at seminars and graduate schools as well as field experience allow to acquire skills aimed at specific areas for this vast field of study. To work as an archaeologist, it is also necessary to have a good general knowledge, ability to work in groups and independently, have the ability to manage their work optimizing the time and know foreign languages, in the event that were to undertake excavations in foreign countries or in the case in which had foreign persons in the working team. Do not forget the spirit of adventure and enterprise, basic requirements for undertaking this job.